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The auction in bridge creates the contract by establishing the declaring side. The declaring side is split up into an active and passive team. The declarer actively plays the hand while the partner of the declarer becomes the passive player known as the "dummy".
The opponent team has the option of doubling the final contract and the declaring team then has the option of redoubling. The doubling and redoubling increases the scoring for that hand. So as the auction rotates around clockwise each player has to make a call during their turn. The options available to each player as their call is to Bid, Pass, Double or Redouble. The double is available as an option in the event the last call by an opponent was a bid. The redouble is available as an option when the last call by an opponent was a double.
The auction is vital to the scoring of the hand. The double and redouble increases the scoring for the hand so the importance of making the contract or defeating the contract increases.
After the cards are dealt and each player has had some time to study their own 13 card hands the Bridge auction for that hand begins. The dealer for that Bridge hand starts the auction and the action rotates clockwise. Each player makes their call during their turn and the turn.
The auction concludes if three passes happen back to back to back after the dealer has made his first call. If the dealer starts by passing and the three other players all pass then the hand is not played. If a hand is passed out on the first round the dealer re-deals the hand unless Duplicate Bridge is being played.
- Rubber Bridge the dealer of the hand shuffles the cards again and deals the hand again
- Duplicate Bridge both pairs score zero points
During the bid a player calls a level and denomination. The level is the number of tricks and the denomination is the suit. The idea of the bid is that the bidder is declaring that his pair is willing to play the contract. Each bid must be higher than the preceding bid either by level, denomination or both. So to make a sufficient bid the player has to increase the level of the bid or choose a higher ranking suit on the same level.
Levels are ranked numerically upward from 1 on. Denomination are ranked by the strength of each suit. The rankings of the suit from weakest to strongest: Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts,
For instance, to increase a bid of 2-Diamonds a player must either increase the level to at least 3 or choose 2-Hearts or 2-Spades. Players can choose to double their opponents bid instead of increasing the bid. If the bid is doubled then the option to the other team is to increase the bid, pass or redouble.
Auction Bidding continues until there are three consecutive passes. When the Bridge Auction Bidding ends the last bid becomes the contract, with the double or redouble being taking into account to determine the scoring at the end of the hand. The level of this auction bid determines the number of tricks that pair must take in order to fulfill the contract. The suit of the bid determines the trump suit, unless no trump suit was bid.